Oplotnica, Maribor - Slovenia
Telephone : +(386)051/229-960 Slovenian
FINNISH LAPPONIAN DOG (Suomenlapinkoira)
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE OFFICAL VALID STANDARD: 30.09.2016.
UTILIZATION: Originally a herder and watch dog used in work of
keeping reindeer. Today also popular as a companion dog
FCI CLASSIFICATION: Group 5 Spitz and Primitive types.
Section 3.4 Nordic Watchdogs and
Without working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: For hundreds of years the
Sami people have used dogs of the same type as Finnish Lapponian
Dog as reindeer herders and watchdogs in the northern parts of
Fennoscandia and Russia. The first standard of the Lapponian Herder
was established by the Finnish Kennel Club in 1945. The breed´s
name was changed into Lapponian Dog in 1967. In the 1970:s the
type and the characteristics of the breed became stabilized, the
standard has been revised several times. The breed name was again
changed into Finnish Lapponian Dog in 1993. The breed type has
become homogeneous in a short time and today the breed is very
popular mainly as a companion and utility dog in the whole of
GENERAL APPEARANCE: Smaller than medium sized. Strongly
built for his size, slightly longer than the height at the withers. The
coat is long and dense.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: The depth of chest is
approximately half of the height at the withers. The muzzle is
slightly shorter than the skull. The skull is slightly longer than its
width, the depth is the same as the width.
BEHAVIOUR AND TEMPERAMENT: Intelligent, courageous,
calm and docile. Friendly and faithful.
HEAD: Strong in outline, rather broad.
Skull: Broad, the skull is slightly convex. The forehead is rather
domed. The frontal furrow is clearly defined.
Stop: Clearly defined.
Nose: Black or brown, according to coat colour.
Muzzle: Strong, broad and straight; viewed from above and in profile
evenly, but only slightly tapering.
Jaws / Teeth: The jaws are strong. Scissors bite.
Cheeks: The zygomatic arches are well pronounced.
Eyes: Oval shaped, dark brown, according to coat colour. The
expression is soft and friendly.
Ears: Medium sized, carried erect or semi-erect, set rather apart,
rather broad at the base, triangular in shape and very mobile, also the
inner side is covered with hair. It is equally acceptable that one
ear is erect and the other semi-erect.
NECK: Medium in length, strong and covered with profuse hair.
Withers: Muscular and broad, only slightly pronounced.
Back: Strong and straight.
Loin: Short and muscular.
Croup: Of medium length, well developed, only very slightly
Chest: Deep, rather long, reaching almost to the elbows, not very
broad. The ribs are slightly arched; the fore chest clearly visible, not
Underline and belly: Only slightly tucked up.
TAIL: Set rather high, medium in length, covered with profuse and
long hair. The tip of the tail may have a J-formed hook. When
moving the tail is curved over the back or side, in rest it may hang.
General appearance: Powerful with strong bones. Viewed from the
front straight and parallel.
Shoulders: Slightly oblique.
Upper arms: As long as the shoulder blades. The angle between
shoulder and upper arm is rather open.
Elbows: Approximately at the level of the lower edge of the
ribcage, pointing straight backwards.
Forearms: Rather strong, vertical.
Pasterns: Of medium length, slightly oblique.
Forefeet: Well arched, oval rather than round, covered with dense
hair. The pads are elastic. Dense hair between the pads.
General appearance: Strong boned, powerful, viewed from behind
straight and parallel. The angulation is clearly marked with no
Upper thigh: Of medium length, rather broad with well-developed
Stifle: Parallel, rather well angulated.
Second thigh: Relatively long and sinewy.
Hocks: Moderately low, rather well angulated but not excessively.
Metatarsus: Rather short, strong and vertical.
Hind feet: As front feet.
MOVEMENT: Effortless. Changes easily from trot to gallop. The
legs move parallel. When working agile and fast.
SKIN: Tight, without wrinkles.
Hair: Profuse, especially the males have an abundant mane. The
outer coat is long and harsh. On the head and on the front side of the
legs the coat is shorter. There has to be an undercoat that is soft and
Colour: All colours are permitted. The basic colour must be
dominant. Colours other than the basic colour can occur on head,
neck, chest, underside of the body, on legs and tail.
Height at the withers: Ideal height: males 49 cm and females 44 cm
with a tolerance of ±3 cm. The type is more important than the size.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be
considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be
regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect
upon the health and welfare of the dog and on its ability to perform
its traditional work.
• Lack of sexual dimorphism.
• Light head.
• Insufficient stop.
• Over angulated or too straight rear angulation.
• Tail carriage continuously lower than the topline.
• Lack of under coat.
• Flat coat.
• Curly outer coat.
• Basic colour not dominant.
• Aggressive or overly shy.
• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural